Religious festivals in Islam

According to law in Islam, there are two festivals, Eid ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Adha. However, traditional Muslims also celebrate more religious festivals. Many events are started with the position of the moon. Therefore it is sometimes difficult to predict the date for some celebrations.

Eid ul-Fitr (Feast of Breaking the fast)

This festival marks the end of Ramadan fasting period. It is celebrated on the first day of Shawwal in the calendar of Islam. Some activities are alms-giving (Zakat-ul-Fitr) and other generosity. After the offerings in the morning, the Muslims visit the mosque. There are some prayers, two series of movements performed during Salat prayer (Rakat) and six praises to Allah (Takbir). Then starts the entertainment for three days.

Eid ul-Adha (Feast of Sacrifice)

Festival of sacrifice to remember the willingness of Abraham to sacrifice his son for Allah. In this was it remembers Muslims to make a sacrifice to the cause of Allah. Celebrated on the tenth day of Zul-Hijja in the Islamic calendar. In the Hadith of al-Bukhari is mentioned that the Abrahams’s son was Ismael, while according to the Bible Abraham’s son of the sacrifice was Isaac (Genesis 22:2). This Muslim festival is around the sacrifice of an animal, a lamb or cow. Meat is equally given to family, neighbors and poor people. The feast is therefore a teaching to share what they have with others. With this activity the pilgrimage events at Mecca will be finished.

Hijra (flight from Mecca to Medina)

A feast to remember the migration of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina. It remembers Muslims the start of the Islamic calendar (Hijri).

Bilabi-Nabi (Birthday of Muhammad)

Remembers the day Muhammad was born, celebrated on the 12th day of Rabi’ul-awwal in the Islamic calendar. It has also the name Barah wafat.

Ramadan (Fasting for a month)

The month of Ramadan a month of fasting when morning prayer start till the completion of evening prayer. According to traditional Islam, Muslims will fill the time with many prayers and Qur’an reading. Exception is only for unhealthy or traveling people or menstruating woman, but they will fast at another time. Not allowed during fasting hours are food and drinks. Sexual intercourse is forbidden during all month of Ramadan. To mitigate the pain and weakness of fasting, many Muslims eat early morning and late at night in high quantities. Therefore the number of diabetics are highest under Muslims, especially in the Middle East [1].

Hajj (Pilgrimage to Mecca)

Pilgrimage to Mecca. It consists of a trip to Kaaba and other important sites of Islam religion in Mecca. For a Muslim it is an obligation when he has a good heath and enough budget to do the pilgrimage to Mecca. Aid Al-Adha (The feast of sacrifice) is the most important event. Muslims also kiss the black stone, a rock set in Kaaba that has been inherited from the pagan Arab religion in Mecca [2].