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ISIS crimes based on Qur'an and Hadith?

Introduction

Many Muslims refuse that Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and their crimes against mankind has anything to do with Islam. They say that the evil murders are not following the Qur'an. However when you ask ISIS members about their motivation for the crimes, they answer that it are legal practices according to the Sharia. They are able to come with references to Qur'an verses, Hadith and historical facts in Islam. Moral issues in the history of Islam History of Islam shows many serious moral issues. A woman is easy to be raped (Qur'an 24:4, 24:13). "Forceful against the disbelievers" (Qur’an 48:29) is a call to kill innocent people. Uneducated Muslims may use such verses to commit crimes against mankind. Muhammad behead more than 800 Jews without justification [1]. He commited revenge by palm cutting against God’s law [2] and he robbered caravans of Meccan people [3]. Muhammad already started not to follow all peace commands in the Qur’an. For Muhammad the growth of his religion with violence was more important than peace, see Qur’an 2:217 [4]. In Qur’an 2:215, Muhammad didn't deny that he used military force to reach his goals [5]. After Muhammad’s death the Muslims continued to practice the complex concept of peace in the Qur’an. The first rightly guided caliph Abu Bakr, started many military campaigns to force non-Muslims to accept Islam according to Qur’an 9:103. The following barbaric statement is from the second rightly guided caliph, Omar ibn al-Khatab: “Arab Christians are not Christians, I am not leaving them until they become Muslims or I cut their throats.” [6]. This brutality and savagery became a pattern trough whole history of Islam till today. Millions of people were killed by the Muslim conquerers and thousands became slaves, including many women as sex-slaves in harems. Modern open society with human rights conflicts in many ways with the immoral teachings in the Qur'an, Hadith and the examples of Muslim leaders.

Crimes of ISIS in modern society

Modern society has to look at many centuries ago to meet the brutality of ISIS. They are motivated by what they call "divine commands" from Qur'an, Hadith and historical facts. The result isa jihadist army that generates crimes against mankind like crucifixions, stonings, beheadings and shootings. Raping non-Muslims has become legal in ISIS controled areas because of the guidelines of Sharia. The claims of ISIS that all has been done within Islam downplays this religion.

Burning people alive

ISIS members burned a Jordanian pilot on January 3, 2015. The pilot was locked inside a steel construction with flammable and burned alive. Muslims who defend that ISIS is outside Islam refer to a Hadith that putting captives to death by fire is forbidden: "Some Zanadiqa (atheists) were brought to Ali; and he burnt them. The news of this event reached Ibn Abbas who said, “If I had been in his place, I would not have burnt them, as Allah’s Apostle forbade it, saying, ‘Do not punish anybody with Allah’s punishment (fire).’ I would have killed them according to the statement of Allah’s Apostle, ‘Whoever changed his Islamic religion, then kill him.’” (Sahih al-Bukhari 6922). In spite of the guideline not to burn apostates, historical facts show that Muhammad, Abu Bakr, and Ali all were involved to burned people alive. Muhammad gave orders that Byzantine soldiers would be burned alive. Narrated Abu Huraira: "Allah's Messenger (...) sent us in a mission (i.e., an army-unit) and said, "If you find so-and-so and so-and-so, burn both of them with fire" [7]. After him the first rightly guided caliph, Abu Bakr (632–634 AD) [Ibn Ishaq and Al-Tabari], threatened and burned living people. The fourth rightly guided caliph, Ali ibn Abi Talib (656–661 AD) [Sahih al-Bukhari 6922], did the same. A document of Islam, Idarat Tawahhusy [8], has guidelines that actions like burning people alive to frighten someone makes it possible that they will do something Islam wants. ISIS used both the historical facts and the guidelines of Idarat Tawahhusy to frighten people to justify their barbaric actions.

Conclusion

ISIS crimes are indeed based on Qur'an and Hadith. The question to a Muslim scholar or cleric is: Are the historical facts in Islam, some guidelines in official documents of Islam and the Qur'an not right? When they say that they are not right, they are downplaying that foundation of Islam. When they say that they are right, they are passive supporters of Muslim terrorists, including ISIS. Therefore Islam is in a vicious circle [9]. It is likely that more immoral actions against mankind will follow, because the source of all motivation of ISIS in not refuted by Muslim scholars and clerics. Muslims feel that their conscience is not in balance with the hate practices in Islam. Islam needs a big reform to downplay its status as the world's most hated religion [10]. Another way out will be the conversion of many Muslims to spiritual practices focused on love and peace. It cannot be a coincidence that we see more and more Muslim conversions to Christianity.

Notes

1. Wikipedia, Invasion of Banu Qurayza, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Invasion_of_Banu_Qurayza.
2. Hans Küng, Islam, Past, Present & Future, Oneworld.
3. Montgomery Watt, William, Muhammad: prophet and statesman. Oxford University Press, 1974, 105.
4. Kenneth Cragg, The Call of the Minaret, Oneworld Publications, 2003, 77.
5. Jonathan E. Brockopp, Jihad and Islamic history, in: Bryan Rennie and Philip .L.Tite (Ed), Religion, Terror and Violence, Religious Studies Perspectives, Routledge, New York, 2008, 151.
6. Ali ibn Husamud-Din al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Kanzu Ummal, Volume 4, No. 11770.
7. Sahih al-Bukhari, 56 Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihaad), 149, http://sunnah.com/bukhari/56/225.
8. Abu Bakr Naji, Idarat Tawahhusy.
9. Ibrahim Eissa, ISIS Crimes Are Based on Islamic Sources, Egyptian TV, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4rwdOuuaz90
10. Ashraf Ezzat, ISIS and Islam: The Ugly Truth, informationclearinghouse.info.

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