Questions and Answers > Is the Qur'an trustworthy? > Contradictions Qur'an 1-15

Qur’an 2:97 - Who brought down the Qur’an?

There are different answers to the question in the Qur’an:

The Holy Spirit – Qur’an 16:102

”The Pure Spirit has brought it down from your Lord” (Qur’an 16:102).

Angels – Qur’an 16:2

”He sends down the angels, with the inspiration of His command” (Qur’an 16:2).

Gabriel – Qur’an 2:97

” Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel - it is [none but] he who has brought the Qur’an down upon your heart” (Qur’an 2:97).Some Muslims say that Gabriel is an angel and that Gabriel is the Holy Spirit. However nothing divine can exist separated from God. Gabriel lives separated from God and cannot be divine. It is not possible that an angel is divine. Note also that Qur’an 16:2 mentions “angels”, so plural, while Gabriel is only one being. Therefore this attempt to bring harmony between the Qur’an verses is refuted.


One verse says that the Holy Spirit made the Qur’an, a second verse says it were angels while a third verse mentions it was Gabriel. Because there is a contrast about the same question, we have a difficulty in the Qur’an. Therefore the verses show a contradiction in the Qur’an.


Join Our Community

Follow Questions and Answers that matter to you and connect with those who share your interests. Learn from the experts in our community and ask, comment, and connect.