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Qur’an 9:23 - Are unbelieving sons and fathers protectors of Islam?

There are different answers to the question in the Qur’an:

Unbelieving sons and fathers are not protectors of Islam–Qur’an in 9:23

“Do not take your fathers or your brothers as allies if they have preferred disbelief over belief” (Qur’an 9:23)

Unbelieving sons and fathers are protectors of Islam –Qur’an in 17:23, 31:15

“And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment” (Qur’an 17:23) “But if they endeavor to make you associate with Me that of which you have no knowledge, do not obey them but accompany them in [this] world with appropriate kindness and follow the way of those who turn back to Me [in repentance]” (Qur’an 31:15)


There is a contradiction in the Qur’an about unbelieving sons and fathers as protectors of Islam. One verse is telling us that they are not, while according to other verses they can be a protector of Islam.


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