Questions and Answers > Qur'an > Contradictions Qur'an 1-15

Qur’an 9:23 - Are unbelieving sons and fathers protectors of Islam?

There are different answers to the question in the Qur’an:

1. Unbelieving sons and fathers are not protectors of Islam–Qur’an in 9:23
“do not take your fathers or your brothers as allies if they have preferred disbelief over belief” (Qur’an 9:23)

2. Unbelieving sons and fathers are protectors of Islam –Qur’an in 17:23, 31:15
“And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment” (Qur’an 17:23)
“But if they endeavor to make you associate with Me that of which you have no knowledge, do not obey them but accompany them in [this] world with appropriate kindness and follow the way of those who turn back to Me [in repentance]” (Qur’an 31:15)

3. Conclusion
There is a contradiction in the Qur’an about unbelieving sons and fathers as protectors of Islam. One verse is telling us that they are not, while according to other verses they can be a protector of Islam.