Questions and Answers > Qur'an > Reliability

Does the Qur'an have errors?

For many Muslims, the Qur’an is the perfect holy book of God without an error. The final test for every Muslim is to believe that the Qur’an is without any mistake. A study of the Qur’an shows the following facts:

1. Scientific errors

Many Muslims believe that the Qur’an predicts scientific miracles. But when a claim in the Qur’an as scientific prediction is true, it should not be known to the Arabs in the time of Muhammad. The problem is that no Muslim could ever prove that there is new content in the Qur´an that did not exist in the time before Muhammad. Therefore the Qur´an doesn´t contain scientific miracles.

2. Other errors

The Qur’an is contradicting with Previous Scriptures:

For example (1): Mary is in the Qur’an the sister of Aaron and the mother of Jesus (Qur’an 19:28; 66:12; 20:25-30). In the Bible, Miriam, the sister of Aaron lived more than 1500 years earlier than Mary, the mother of Jesus.
For example (2): The life of Jesus on earth was till the age of 33, even confirmed by Yusuf Ali in his comment 388 on Qur’an 3:46. However, Qur’an 5:110 says he taught the people in old age. Old age is not 33 years.

The Qur’an is misinterpreting other religions. For example: The Qur’an gives a wrong understanding of the Christian doctrine of the Trinity. According to the doctrine of the Trinity God is one, but can be distinguished in three persons: Father, Son and Holy Ghost. The Qur’an says that Christians worshiped three gods: the Father, Mary the Mother, Jesus the Son: "O Jesus the son of Mary! Didst thou say unto men, worship me and my mother as gods in derogation of Allah’?" (Qur’an 3:115). In reality, Mary, the mother of Jesus is not part of the Trinity.

3. Contradictions

For example: Is Jesus equal to God? In Qur’an 16:17, 20-21 and 25:3 we find a key to select the true God from false gods. However in Qur’an 3:49, 55, 4:157-158, 5:110, 6:2, and 38:71-72 Jesus meets the requirements for this and should be divine. There are also Qur’an verses contradicting the facts in society.

For example (1): There were no crosses in the time of Moses. They appeared 1700 years after Moses by the Phoenicians and the Carthaginians. In Qur’an 7:124 is written that the Pharaoh of Egypt is threatening that people will die on the cross. However historically, there were no crosses.
For example (2): The crucifixion of Jesus Christ. It cannot be denied that this is the best documented fact of history in the time of antiquity according to secular scholars. However, the Qur’an suggests that Jesus was not crucified in Qur’an 4:157-158.

4. Conclusion

Many Muslims believe that the Qur’an is from heaven and perfect book. Therefore it cannot contain any error. One single error in the Qur’an will prove that the Qur’an is not perfect. However, there are many errors in the Qur’an: contradictions, scientific errors and other errors. Therefore the Qur’an is not perfect.

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