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Is the Bible better than the Qur'an?

1. Differences between the revelations

The Qur’an was realized by one man, Muhammad, who doubted many times about the reliability of the revelations. Many times Muhammad was abandoning some revelations, because he came to the conclusion they were false. Muhammad changed his visions from his first revelations to the end of his life.
Compare this with the Bible. This holy book was revealed to many authors in a period of more than thousands of years. Many prophets, messengers and apostles “heard” or “saw” the Word of God (Isaiah 1:1, Obadiah 1:1 and Habbakuk 1:1) [1]. The reader will find a consistent overview about the reality of mankind and the reality of the Most High. It is giving the revelation that God is willing to build a relationship with us. This has been proven in the life of the believers as guidance for highest level spiritual and moral practices.


2. Differences between the compilations

Muhammad did not compile the Qur’an, but it was compiled many years after Muhammad’s death. The Samarkand Kufic Qur’an, 19 years after Muhammad has only a small part of the modern Qur’an. The Sana’a manuscripts, 30 years after Muhammad have also a small part of the modern Qur’an of 1923. Shia Muslims claim that original Quran had 17 000 verses: “Ali b. al-Hakam from Hishaam b. Salim from Abu Abdullah [as] saying: Verily, the Qur’an which Gibril [as] came up with to Muhammad [saw] is 17,000 verses”. Modern Qur’an has 6346 verses and this is only a small part of this 17 000 verses [2]. Therefore there is evidence that the Qur’an has been changed.
The Bible says that God protects his Word (Deuteronomy 4:2, Proverbs 30:5-6 and Revelation 11:18-19). Many Muslims think that the Bible has been changed. In fact the copies of the Bible were very reliable, even so reliable that secular scholars are amazed about it. Muslims did not attack the Bible until after many centuries. The first Muslim who said that the Bible was corrupted and falsified was Ibn Hazm in 1046. He only accused the Bible to be false, because he believed the Qur’an was true and therefore the Bible must be false. However, Muhammad and the Qur’an are telling us to respect the Bible. Al-Bukhari referred to Qur’an 3:72,78 ton and proved that the Bible was not changed. Fakhruddin Razi, who was connected with Muhammad’s family, said: “The Jews and early Christians were suspected of altering the text of Tawrat and Injil; but in the opinion of eminent doctors and theologians it was not practicable thus to corrupt the text, because those Scriptures were generally known and widely circulated, having been handled down from generation to generation” [3]. Sayyid Ahmad Khan, a well-known Muslim philosopher in 19th century, wrote about the Bible: “As far as the text of the Bible is concerned, it has not been altered. No attempt was made to present a diverging text as the authentic one” [4]. In 7th century in Arabia were some people who called themselves Christians, but who were not following the faith of the original Christians. They did not read the Bible, but followed human traditions. This may be the reason for some Muslim claims. However secular scholars have proven that the Bible had not been changed.


3. Differences between the prophecies

The Qur’an says that Allah gave books to some of the prophets and Muslims accept these as Previous Scriptures from Allah. Previous Scriptures means the Bible. An important part of the Qur’an is also part of the Bible. The Qur’an says that the Torah is “Furqan”, which means “standard” and “the Book of God” and considers the Torah to be blessings and mercy to the people of the world (Qur’an 2:53, 5:44, 6:155, 7:145, 21:48, 33:23 and 40:53) [5]. On the other side is the Bible warning about false prophets (Matthew 7:15) and a false Gospel (Galatians 1:8).
Many prophets in the Bible have prophecies about the birth, life and death of the Savior of mankind, Jesus Christ, the Word of God. He is also announced as the Messiah. The Gospel describes the good news about Jesus Christ, his practices, his divinity and his teachings that he is the only way to Paradise. The Qur’an confirms that the original Greek word “Evangelion” for Gospel means “Good News”. Basharat has also the meaning “Good News” in Qur’an 3:45 [6].
Another difference between the Qur’an and the Bible is that prophecies in the Bible could not have been fulfilled through chance or guessing. The prophecies about Jesus Christ, the Savior of mankind are very hard to fulfill. See for example his birth in Bethlehem: compare Micah 5:2 with Matthew 2:1 and his crucifixion: compare Isaiah 53:12 with Matthew 27:38 or Luke 22:37. The Qur’an has many self-fulfilling prophecies. For example the prediction of Muhammad about his return to Mecca in Qur’an 48:27. The Bible shows a divine character in opposition to the Qur’an.


4. Differences between the moral values

There is a big difference in moral teaching of Muhammad in the Qur’an compared with the teachings of Jesus Christ in the Bible. After Muhammad got a big following to build an army, he stopped preaching peace and started preaching conquest by force. Jesus Christ the highest standard of moral values. Jesus Christ has also proven in his life to keep this perfect standard of moral values, while Muhammad failed in many ways. Muhammad did not perform any miracle (Qur’an 29:50), while Jesus Christ is the biggest miracle worker of mankind (Qur’an 3:49; 5:110 and 4:158).


5. Conclusion

It is for the reader to decide waht to do with these facts and observations. The minds open to reason and facts can easily conclude that the Qur’an is not perfect and also not free of corruption. The content of the Qur’an contains texts against humanity and there are also texts that are giving a foundation to violence, women oppression and many other issues against human rights. Therefore it is better to read and follow the Bible. The message of the Bible is Jesus Christ, the only hope for civilization on earth (Matthew 5:3-12) and the only way to Paradise (John 14:6).


Notes:

1. Dr. Ibrahimkhan O. Deshmukh, The Gospel and Islam, GLS Publishing, Mumbai, 2011, 143.
2. Shia sahih hadith Kulayni,Usool al-Kafy, Volume 2, Kitaab: Fadlul-Qur’an, Narration # 28:
3. E.M. Hicham, Your questions answered. A reply to Muslim Friends, Evangelical Press, 2008.
4. Alan M. Guenther, Christian Responses to Ahmad Khan’s Commentary on the Bible, Comparative Islamic Studies, Vol 6, No 6.1 / 6.2,2010.
5. Dr. Ibrahimkhan O. Deshmukh, The Gospel and Islam, GLS Publishing, Mumbai, 2011, 148.
6. Ibid, 150.

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