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Is Jesus Christ greater than Allah?

This question can be answered in five sections:

1. The Highest
2. The Creator
3. Divine will
4. Relation with his creations
5. Practical implications


1. The Highest

For every founder of a religious movement it is easy to come with claims about divinity, but it is harder to come with evidence. The Qur’an says about Allah:

“And it is He who begins creation; then He repeats it, and that is [even] easier for Him. To Him belongs the highest attribute in the heavens and earth. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.” (Qur’an 30:27).

“For those who do not believe in the Hereafter is the description of evil; and for Allah is the highest attribute. And He is Exalted in Might, the Wise.” (Qur’an 16:60).

The Bible says about Jesus Christ:

“Jesus came to them and said, ‘All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me’.” (Matthew 28:18).

“’I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End,’” says the Lord, ‘who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty’.” (Revelation 1:8).

Both Jesus Christ and Allah claim to be the highest and it cannot be tested by human beings about who is higher.


2. The Creator

According to the Qur’an Allah is the Creator:

“[He] who created death and life to test you [as to] which of you is best in deed - and He is the Exalted in Might, the Forgiving” (Qur’an 67:2)

But in the Qur’an we also read that Jesus is able to create (Quran 3:49). And as we have seen in the previous section, this confirms what the Bible says that Jesus Christ has all authority in heaven and on earth. So also here we cannot conclude that Jesus Christ or Allah is greater.


3. Divine will

The Qur’an mentions the will of Allah:

“And even if We had sent down to them the angels [with the message] and the dead spoke to them [of it] and We gathered together every [created] thing in front of them, they would not believe unless Allah should will. But most of them, [of that], are ignorant.” (Qur’an, 6:111).

The will of Allah as published in the Qur’an was never complete tested in an human being and there is no practical example. Therefore the will of Allah is abstract and far away from the practices of man. The will of Jesus Christ is in agreement with the tested lifestyle of Jesus Christ on earth. Jesus Christ has given mankind a perfect example to follow. Jesus Christ teaches mankind the highest morals, a perfect standard (Matthew 5:3-12). Jesus said:

“Be perfect” (Matthew 5:48).

It is an advice to seek perfection and the Kingdom of God. So both Jesus Christ and Allah have a divine will. The difference between Jesus Christ and Allah is that Jesus Christ gives responsibility to man to make decisions, while Allah takes responsibility for all actions. This leads to the question: Is Allah morally accountable? Can Allah be both goodness and “the best of deceivers”? [1]. So, both Jesus Christ and Allah are proclaiming a divine will, but in case of Allah it is unknowable and in case of Jesus Christ it is perfection and well detailed in the Gospel.


4. Relation with his creations

In the Qur’an, Allah is the only selector of the capabilities of his creations. According to the Qur’an, Allah is not only responsible for good practices, but can also do evil to people:

“For each one are successive [angels] before and behind him who protect him by the decree of Allah. Indeed, Allah will not change the condition of a people until they change what is in themselves. And when Allah intends for a people ill, there is no repelling it. And there is not for them besides Him any patron.” (Qur’an 13:11)

It takes more effort to provide a free will and still have final control. The Qur’an confirms the Bible that Jesus Christ will come back before Judgment Day. The Bible says that Jesus Christ can forgive all sin (Blood of the Lamb) and is also the Judge of mankind:

“They overcame him by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony; they did not love their lives so much as to shrink from death.” (Revelation 12:11).

Jesus Christ allows human beings to have a free will to choose to do God’s will or not. To do God’s will is including the final solution for the forgiveness of sin. Jesus Christ has the solution for the forgiveness of sin. For a higher power it takes less capabilities and effort to put everything under forced control. Therefore Jesus Christ is greater than Allah, because he has more capabilities than Allah.


5. Practical implications

There is a practical result for the revelation that Jesus Christ is greater than Allah: Jesus Christ is adapted to us. Jesus Christ lived on earth in his human nature and he had to deal with sin, like us. He passed all tests and proved to be faultless. Jesus Christ did only do good works on earth and was never a deceiver. Therefore Jesus Christ is “God with us” (Matthew 1:23), he will rule the nations (Revelation 19:15), he will guide them into all truth (Mark 13:11), and the nations will come to serve him (Philippians 2:10). Jesus Christ teaches (Matthew 5:3-12) and shows authority to forgive sin (Luke 23:40-43), to food the hungry (John 6:1-15), to have authority over evil spirits (Luke10:20) and illness (Matthew 4:24). He also takes away the sin of the world (John 1:29) [2].


Notes:

[1] Kenneth Cragg, The Call of the Minaret, Oneworld Publications, 2003, 46.
[2] Mark Beaumont, Christology In Dialogue With Muslims: A Critical Analysis Of Christian Presentations Of Christ For Muslims From The Ninth And Twentieth Centuries, Regnum Studies In Mission, Paternoster, Carlisle, 2005, 20.

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