Questions and Answers > Qur'an > Contradictions Qur'an 1-15

Qur’an 2:97 - Who brought down the Qur’an?

There is a difficulty between some verses in the Qur’an about this question. There are differences between Qur’an verses:

1. The Holy Spirit – Qur’an 16:102

”The Pure Spirit has brought it down from your Lord” (Qur’an 16:102).

2. Angels – Qur’an 16:2

”He sends down the angels, with the inspiration of His command” (Qur’an 16:2).

3. Gabriel – Qur’an 2:97

” Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel - it is [none but] he who has brought the Qur’an down upon your heart” (Qur’an 2:97).Some Muslims say that Gabriel is an angel and that Gabriel is the Holy Spirit. However nothing divine can exist separated from God. Gabriel lives separated from God and cannot be divine. It is not possible that an angel is divine. Note also that Qur’an 16:2 mentions “angels”, so plural, while Gabriel is only one being. Therefore this attempt to bring harmony between the Qur’an verses is refuted.

4. Conclusion

One verse says that the Holy Spirit made the Qur’an, a second verse says it were angels while a third verse mentions it was Gabriel. Because there is a contrast about the same question, we have a difficulty in the Qur’an. Therefore the verses show a contradiction in the Qur’an.