Questions and Answers > Qur'an > Contradictions Qur'an 1-15

Qur’an 3:65 - Did the prophets receive the same book?

There are different answers to the question in the Qur’an:

1. Yes, Moses, David and Jesus received the same book - Qur’an 6:89

“Those are the ones to whom We gave the Scripture and authority and prophethood. But if the disbelievers deny it, then We have entrusted it to a people who are not therein disbelievers.” (Qur’an 6:89).

2. No, Moses, David and Jesus received different books - Qur’an 3:65, 5:110

“O People of the Scripture, why do you argue about Abraham while the Torah and the Gospel were not revealed until after him? Then will you not reason?” (Qur’an 3:65).“…and [remember] when I taught you writing and wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel;…” (Qur’an 5:110).That different prophets received different books is logical, because otherwise only one prophet enough to spread the message of one book.

3. Muslim response

Some Muslims say that there are ’orchards’ for different religions and ’one water’ for one inspiration from God. They refer to Qur’an 13:4: “And within the land are neighboring plots and gardens of grapevines and crops and palm trees, [growing] several from a root or otherwise, watered with one water; but We make some of them exceed others in [quality of] fruit. Indeed in that are signs for a people who reason.” However, this does not answer our specific question. There are many Qur’an verses with a reference to "people of the book" and the meaning is both Jewish religion and Christianity. But this is just a support that the writer(s) of the Qur’an were not able to distinguish Jews and Christians. We still have a contradiction between the verses mentioned in this question.

4. Conclusion

We can see that in one verse, the prophets have received the same book, while in other verses they have received unique books with different messages. With two different answers there is a contrast about the same question. Therefore we have a difficulty in the Qur’an. The mentioned verses show a contradiction in the Qur’an.