Questions and Answers > Qur'an > Contradictions Qur'an 1-15

Qur´an 9:116 - Is Allah the only protector and helper?

There are different answers to the question in the Qur’an:

1. Allah is the only protector and helper - Qur´an 9:116, 17:111, 32:4 and 42:28
“And you have not besides Allah any protector or any helper.” (Qur´an 9:116)
Most Jews change the meaning of words of Allah by their tongues.

2. There are other protectors than Allah - Qur´an 41:31, 5:55
Angels are also our protectors in this word and in life after death:
“The angels will descend upon them, [saying], "Do not fear and do not grieve but receive good tidings of Paradise” (Qur´an 41:31)
Jesus Christ and other messengers of Allah are also our protectors:
“Verily, your Wali (Protector or Helper) is Allah, His Messenger, and the believers” (Qur´an 5:55 - Muhsin Khan)
The complex situation of Allah, angels and messengers as protectors I s because Muhammad used the name Allah for both the God of the Jews and Christians and the supreme god of the pagan Arabs (1). However, most Muslims don´t believe in a historical development of the Qur´an and for them a contradiction between verses is a problem.

3. Conclusion
There is a difficulty in the Qur’an that Allah is the only protector. One verse is telling us that he is, while according to another verse angels are protectors and another verse is telling us that Jesus Christ and other messengers of Allah are our protectors. Therefore the verses are a contradiction in the Qur’an.


Notes:

1. Gerhard Böwering, God and his attributes, in: Jane Dammen McAuliffe (ed.), Encyclopedia of the Qur’an, Volume Two, E-I, Brill, Leiden, 2002, 318.