Questions and Answers > Qur'an > Contradictions Qur'an 1-15

Qur’an 2:35 - Does Allah speak directly to a human or not?

1. Allah speaks directly to a human - Qur’an 2:35
“And We said, "O Adam, dwell, you and your wife, in Paradise and eat therefrom in [ease and] abundance from wherever you will. But do not approach this tree, lest you be among the wrongdoers."” (Qur’an 2:35)
The conversations of God with Adam and his wife took place in Paradise. However, God also spoke to prophets who lived as human beings in this world: Noah (Qur’an 11:46), Abraham (Qur’an 2:124), Moses (Qur’an 7:143-144), Jesus (Qur’an 3:55) and Muhammad. In most cases the verb ”to say” (qala) is used [1].

2. Allah don’t speak directly to a human - Qur’an 42:51
“And it is not for any human being that Allah should speak to him except by revelation or from behind a partition or that He sends a messenger to reveal, by His permission, what He wills. Indeed, He is Most High and Wise.” (Qur’an 42:51)
The verse is a denial about speaking of God to human beings. According to this verse the only communication of God is by revelation or behind a veil [2]. Muslim scholars tried to come with ideas to bring harmony between Qur’an 2:35 and 42:51 but never succeeded. In the theology of Muslim scholars, Gabriel is doing the communication to Muhammad, so Muhammad deals with an angel and not with God directly [3].

3. Conclusion
We conclude that Qur’an 2:35 and 42:51 are in contradiction. The claim of many Muslims that the Qur’an is perfect and without any contradiction is refuted. Only God is perfect. Therefore, the Muslim believer is invited to investigate in a relation with God.


Notes:

1. Margaretha T. Heemskerk, Speech, in: Jane Dammen McAuliffe (ed.), Encyclopedia of the Qur’an, Brill, Leiden, 2006, Volume Five, 109.
2. Ibid.
3. Revelation, Daniel A. Madigan, Jane Dammen McAuliffe (ed.), Encyclopedia of the Qur’an, Brill, Leiden, 2004, Volume Four, P-Sh, 445.