Questions and Answers > Qur'an > Reliability

Is the Qur'an divine?

Muslims believe that the Qur´an is God´s word. An examination of the Qur´an shows the following facts:

1. Muhammad was illiterate

However, the angel had commanded him to read and again and again he insisted that he should do so. Therefore the Holy Book is called Qur´an. It means “the reading”. In the same way the word Scripture means “writing”. So, the Qur´an is the reading of a man who cannot read (Qur´an 29:48) [1].

2. Satanic Verses

According to many scholars in the early days of Islam, Allat, al-Uzza and Manat, the “daughters of Allah”, were still tolerated to make a compromise possible for Muhammad with the Quraish tribe. After Qur’an 58:19, the Muslim scholar Tabari mentions three pagan verses that allow the intercession of the three pagan female deities Allat, al-Uzza and Manat. These are the Satanic Verses [2]. They were later replaced by Muhammad by new verses, because later he received a new revelation and concluded the early verses were from Satan [3]. Do you think the Qur’an is a divine book?

3. Qur’an addition

Muslim scholars say that the first verse in the Qur´an, the Bismillah is a more recent addition.

4. Arab is a local language

Quran 43:3 says: “We have made it a Qur’an in Arabic, that ye may be able to understand”. It means that Allah sent down Quran for those, who understand Arabic. So, when Allah himself says that this is for Arabs, why should this book be interesting for a non- Arab? Since Arab is not a perfect language, how can the Qur’an, written in Arab be divine?

It is for you to decide what to do with above mentioned facts. The truth is in God. The Bible is not divine, but the message of the Bible is divine. The message of the Bible is Jesus Christ:

“You search the scriptures, because you think that in them you have eternal life; and it is they that bear witness to me.” (John 5:39).

Jesus Christ is divine. Because Jesus Christ is both divine and human, he is the one to follow for all mankind. Jesus says:

“Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will never pass away” (Mark 13:31).


Notes:

[1] Dr. Ibrahimkhan O. Deshmukh, The Gospel and Islam. GLS Publishing, Mumbai, 2011, 80.
[2] Wikipedia: Satanic Verses, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satanic_Verses
[3] Hans Küng, Islam, Past, Present & Future, Oneworld Publications, 2009, 101.